Nationality: is defined as combinations of values and traits that specifically relate to a unique nation such as language, roots in history, culture, norms, life style, and general structure of social cohesion.
Religion : is spiritual thinking and beliefs of a group of people or a nation who follow beliefs or paths of a spiritual founder, leader, figure, or a prophet, such as; Buddhism, Christianity, Jewish, Islam, and other sectors of religions.
What differentiates nationality from religion?. How both are inter-related?. What comes first, nationality or religion?. Let us analyze the effects of religion and traits of nationality on human beings which shape current political and social structures of nations on our planet, EARTH.
Scientifically, historically, and logically have been proven that human beings had evolved on earth and had gone through many changes during the last four million years or more till our present time. To make history shorter and go back to the beginning of our calendar, there were no such religions to be widespread among human beings except some believes of Buddhism and some other old nations who obeyed a spiritual leader of certain beliefs or praised the nature's elements, such as Fire, Sun, and its creatures such as life stocks.
Humansbeings have always appreciated what bring them good fortune and benefits. In order to survive and continue their existence whether it is from a good work of an individual for a majority or from benefits of nature's resources such as Sun which is the only source that brings complete life for growth of all plants in which animals and other creatures depend on them in ecological cycles. Fire also which creates by lightening had helped primitive humans use it at night as guidance or for other purposes in their daily life. Let me elaborate some thoughts about origin of religions and their effects on human's life.
Christianityhad come to existence only after Jesus Christ in 0001 AC in Jerusalem and Islam after prophet Muhammad in 627 AC in Mecca, Saudi Arabia. Both figures had become leaders of many people's beliefs and religion in many countries among many nations. Through time, Christianity had separated into Catholics andProtestants according to changes in its course , people's acceptance, and demands related to changing leaders and their ideologies. The same had occurred in Islam which had separated into two sectors of Sunnis and Shiites.
To understand religion logically, we have better understand the changes in human's behaviors , their lifestyles, and acknowledgment on how religions had started and affected human's social structures. Humans had transformed from unstable hunter-gatherers to stable settlers in territories where they found fertile lands for agricultural products, such as Corn, Grain, Barely, Fruits, Vegetables, Fruits and where they domesticated wild animals to benefit from their natural resources such as hens, cows, pigs, bee, sheep, goats for their meats, wool, skins, and milk. They also domesticated horses, donkeys, camels for transportation purposes.
when humans settled in certain territories, they had developed senses of ownerships and social structures. Through time, their tool of linguistic skills have improved and formed unique languages for better communications. Human's primitive mentality for obtaining resources and gaining more supplies have created ambitions and power of control in individuals who monopolized more territories and resources. As a result feudalism and its byproduct which is inequality had come into existence in human's life.
During Jesus' life, humans had already settled permanently in territories. Feudals, and wealthy landowners were ruling people and slaveries were completely common. Inequality in resource distributions was in practice as a result of ambitious feudal and rich land owners. That had created sub-classes of majority poor people whom they only were pressured to work for the benefits of greedy land owners without sufficient gains in return.
After repeating abuses and experiencing hardships, people had reached into a conclusion and realized that something were unusual and wrong. They all were abused and virtually had been put into slaveries. Certainly, through disagreements and grievances, majority people were not satisfied with their rulers or rich land owners who controlled resources at their expenses.
I believe Jesus was one of those brave persons among the abused and oppressed people who had dared to stand and speak up against such unjustified and lawless rulers. Jesus was kind and an open-minded person. He first had started to help whomever were in need for assistance such as sick, disabled, and poor people. He was acting like a messenger. He traveled from villages to villages. For sure, he was completely dissatisfied with the feudal and ambitious land owners, their abuses and injustices. He had sent his messages to many people across territories. People had started to like him and support him for his goals and purposes that were speaking for all poor people or the majority.
Jesus was known and was about to be known by almost everybody. He had spoken for poor people's causes in order to aware them about their rights and shares in resources. When feudals and farm owners had found out about Jesus's activity, they had become more cautious and alert against Jesus's activities.
Feudal individuals had realized that Jesus was posing great dangers against their interests especially when some protests were demonstrated peacefully to demand for their rights. They had spread many rumors against Jesus to damage his reputations and personality, but it had failed. Finally, a decision was made that Jesus had to be executed by torture and be nailed, hanged on a wooden cross, and be erected on a top on a hill till everybody could see him and would become a good lesson that nobody else would ever dare to stand against the land owners or feudal's wills, wishes, and interests.
After Jesus' inhuman torture and death, generations after generation people had talked about him of his good activities for the sake of human beings and poor people in order to protect their rights. Such protests and boycotts against unacceptable greedy rulers had become widespread among other societies. People where not afraid to praise Jesus's good works and even to worship him. They had paid tribute to his grave and designated makeup shrines as a symbol of a perfect human sacrificer.
Feudals andwealthy land owners, eventually had no choices but to accept people's demands who followed Jesus' paths. In that process Jesus' s followers had positions in decsion-making with powerful feudals because they had majority of people with them. Eventually, Jesus's followers had formed senses of belief in Jesus which had become a religion for majority who struggled to gain their rights.
Ever since, Christianity from Jesus Christ's hard work had evolved and powerful religious leaders gained control of many societies which had become coexisted with many nation's beliefs Moreover, rulers had no choices but to integrate the idea of religion with their power in order to balance out disputes with poor people.
Islam, on the other hand, had come to existence in Saudi Arabia 627 years after Jesus. There, the circumstances were different from Jerusalem and the causes for its creation were for different purposes. Saudi society was composed of several tribes which each one was self-centered and there were no central power to unite them together in order to combine their common norms and values in their cultures.
There were no true religion before prophet Muhammad had brought Islam except some sculptured statues which were common among some tribes. They had obeyed and prayed for them. Disputes were common among tribes over territorial manipulation, trades, and trade routes. Since they were isolated geographically, desert in the north and sea in other direction, they had no opportunities to invade other countries to gain better land because most of their country was desert. In addition to that, due to lack of supplies such as trees to built sailboats, they could not explore seas and navigate to other places.
Before Prophet Muhammad visited Sham ( Today's Syria,Jordan, and Israel ) on trade trip by camel with his lady-employer ( Khdija ) whom he married her later, Christianity was already in existence in Jerusalem. In his visit there, prophet Muhammad had realized that there was a belief and religion that was popular among majority of the people who obeyed it in orderly manner. He had obtained that idea and decided to transform it to his society in order to unite the disputed tribes and create a powerful society in the region.
After prophet Muhammad had declared Islam and its contents, people gradually started to believe him and support his messages and ideas that were written in the Holy Book " Koran". His first action was to unite the disputed tribes, especially the two strong and famous ones of " Aws and "Hazraj". Then, he had set a side the problems among tribes over a black stone in Mecca which was a unique stone in the middle of the desert. He had had them hold each other's hands and circle around it as a symbol of unity and ownership of the stone for the tribes and their entire members. Ever since, that symbol had become famous and popular for all Muslims around the world. Muslims during pilgrimage every year visit the shrine of the stone and circle around it nine times.
After prophet Muhammad united all the tribes and their members, he had plans to prosper their struggled economy through expanding his religion ideology to neighboring territories or nations. Their first action was to enter or invade the fertile lands north which is today's Iraq. There were no Arabs in Iraq at that time and Arabs were actually existed only in Arabic peninsula or today's Saudi Arabia,Yamen, and other emirates on the Persian gulf. The first victims had fallen under their control were Kurds and Persians.
When they succeeded their first attempt, they had become more ambitious to invade other nation's countries by using Islam's agendas as an excuse and a way to introduce themselves to them. Their expansions had reached today's Egypt, Lebanon, other north Africa's countries, all countries or nations that currently speak in Arabic. Their expansions had even reached to Spain and today's Austria in 1300-1600 AC.
To write about all events and history of the last fourteen century will take thousands of pages to discuss about them. Let us now talk about today's current situation in Iraq and its roots in history. At this present moment, religion is a sensitive issue to be used as a political tool for ruling a nation. During the cold war western countries had brought back Islamic regimes as a buffer zone against spreading Communism such as Iran's regime, Afghan's tribes, Sudan's regime, Pakistan's Islamic movements. After the cold war was over, such regimes are backfiring against western interests and today's information super highways, Islamic nation's democracy, their properties, their own people, and human rights violations.
In Iraq, while debates are going on over removing Saddam's dictatorship, the only alternative for most Arabic opposition groups are religion, majority Shiites. It is unfortunate that such groups are still using religion as a political tool to liberate themselves against Saddam's regime. This is not in the interest to either majority of Iraqi Arabs or to neighboring countries and western country's interests. They should have had a different agenda after Sadda's defeat in Kuwait. Their goals should have been real democracy for Iraq and full freedom for Iraqi Arabs including oppressed Kurds. It is impossible to bring a fourteen hundred years old ideology and apply it in the twenty first century.
If a nation has a certain religion, does it mean they have to void their nationality?. Absolutely not. Unfortunately, this has been practiced by Arabs who carried Islams to other nations. Such nations had also had taken the religion so seriously that they had forgotten their national identities, such as Persians, Egyptian, Sudanese, and many more whose their language have completely converted into Arabic. The only nation so far that have not submitted to such forced cleansing is Kurds whose their language is still intact.
WhenKurds were bombarded with chemical weapons by Iraqi regime, when tens of thousands of Kurds were killed by Iraqi regime, Iran's regime, Turkey's regime, and Syria's, neither the birth place of Islam, Saudi Arabia nor any other Islamic country defended Kurds or talked about the crimes of such regimes against humanity or say the assumed Kurdish Muslims.
We must never mix religions with nationalities. All complete rights of human beings of a nation and their national identities always come first then religion as an individual decisions for spiritual purposes. Nature or say God had given human beings a great gift of brain power. Humans can differentiate the rights from wrongs, good things from bad things and logic of interaction between us and the nature and among ourselves. If all humans have the same basic necessities in life on this planet, we must not be misled by any religions, politics, leaders, or wrong messages.