Q . Who are Kurds?
A. Kurds are one of the unique ancient nation on the planet of earth like other distinctive nations. Kurds are one of the branches of the Indo-European ancestors of the old central Asia.
Through nature's course, each group of uniquely identified ethnicity had settled for their final homeland. For example, Hindus settled to where it is called India.
Persians in Iran, Kurds in Kurdistan. Most currently European nations kept migrating till they settled to where it is called Europe. All these mingling in the nature balanced out over two hundred thousand years without interference's of political pressures or territory disputes.
Humankind had lived in groups together with shared and related traits such as standardized communication skills, norms, and unified social structures. Kurd like other ethnic groups shared such common traits, lived together and finally settled to where they call their nature's homeland, Kurdistan (land of the Kurds).
Q. Where Kurds exactly settled ?
A. Kurds had settled mostly to where they are now; western Iran, northern Iraq, southeastern Turkey, and northeastern Syria. And some of them in the western part of Armenia.
Due to not existing today's standard borders among nationalities, Kurds also lived and moved like other nations till struggles for territory control balanced out the nationality's lands.
Q. How Kurds lived before Arabs and Turks occupied Kurdistan?
A. Kurds lived their life peacefully in their land in a nomadic, semi-tribal, and tribal social structures like other neighboring nations. They depended on agricultural and livestock products. Only Eastern part of Kurdistan, by today's map, due to closeness to Persia, or Iran's kingdoms, were sharing some power with them. And in some times, they alternated rulers.
In the other parts of Kurdistan, Kurds lived without any outside influence or pressures. After Islamic revolution and its expansion, Kurdistan fell under the invasion and occupation of Arabs from Seven century till the beginning of the thirteen century. Then,Turks came in the thirteen century from Magnolia and central Asia, they invaded Kurdistan including whatever Arab Islamic rulers left behind in the region.
The Mangol's tribe chief, Hollako marched his invading troops through central Asia to Persia till they reached central Islamic power city of Abbasy Khaliefas in Baghdad in 1251a.c. By invading Baghdad, the dynasty of Islamic Khalifs ended and Turks stared expanding their power in the region including Kurdistan. Another wave of Turkish invasion in 1514 in north Kurdistan and Anatolia strengthen their power after they invaded Qustantania, or Byzantine empire.
Q. What was the status of Kurds before Islam or Arab's religion came to power.
A. Before Arabs in Arabian peninsula, or Saudi Arabia used Islamic religion as a tool to spread their manpower to other parts in the region in the middle east and north Africa, Kurds lived their life peacefully by obeying nature's beauty and respect for humankind's peace. These traits gave Kurds a unique name. They were called Zaradashty, or those who were in deep love for the Sun of our planet.
Kurds had never wanted to abuse their existence and traits as a tool to monopolize other nations or their neighbors. Among other things, Kurdistan has always been a fertile agricultural land with plenty of water. They never had an ambition to occupy their neighbor's land in order to gain more pasturing land. Moreover, Kurd were known and still are known for their hospitalities and kindness to visitors and neighbors.
Q. Are Kurds Muslims?
A. Before Arabs invaded Kurdistan in the Seven century, Kurds were living peacefully without having any struggles of religion. Kurds were known for their love toward sun and nature. And their peaceful manners among each other and their neighbors. Kurds were known as Zaradashty; a spiritual ideas toward nature and peaceful life. Kurds had a written scripts or book on their way of life which was called ( Avesta ).
When Arabs had started territorial expansion by using Islamic religion, their first attempt was north of Arabic peninsula, which is today's Iraq, including Kurdistan. Before Islam, Sassanis, shared power with Kurds and Persian, ruled Mesopotamia and Iran. The invasion of Sassanis territories including Kurdistan by Arabs, created a big power struggle among Persian, Kurds, and Arabs. With the invasion, Arabs brought Islam and imposed it on the nations including Kurds who fell under their aggressions, and invasion.
Ever since, Kurds have been having struggles with their invaders. They even have had become more victimized between Arabs and Iranian, and Turks when they staged all their battles and wars in Kurdistan areas. Due to those constant instabilities in the region on one hand, and the hardly accessible mountainous areas in Kurdistan, and their denials of accepting their invader's religion, Kurds have not become a real religious or Muslim people. One good proof of this is the purity and intactness of the Kurdish language. There are neither Turkish or Arabic vocabularies in Kurdish language.
Even though, Kurds are officially labeled Muslims on their identification cards issued by their still occupiers, in the meantime, they are denied of all their basic human rights.
Q. What language do Kurds have?
A. Kurds speak Kurdish which is one of the branches of Indo-European language of which English language is part of this family language. Kurdish language fall under the family of Indo-Iranian which composed of two branches as following:
1. Iranian: Which branches out to Persian, Kurdish, Pashto, and Avestan.
2. Indic or Sanskrit : Which branches out to Urdu, Romany, Hindi, Bengali, etc..
Currently Kurdish language is spoken where the most concentrated Kurds live in Kurdistan. Kurdish language has remained intact through centuries of invasion, occupation, and suppression. The main factor are that Kurds had never submitted to their occupiers.
Kurdistan territories are harsh and difficult to reach every part of it especially the last centuries when there were not automobiles and airplanes. Moreover, Kurds had never taken Islamic religion seriously or did not accept it since it was their occupier's religion. So far the only language in the region that has not been changed and remained intact is the Kurdish language.
Kurdish language is composed tow main dialects: First is Kurmanji and the second is Sorani.
Sorani dialect is more branched out to more sub-dialects than Kurmanji. Sorani is mostly spoken is Iraqi and Iranian occupied Kurdistan. Kurmanji is spoken in Turkey and Syrian occupied Kurdistan.